Research // Publications

Completed and Archived Research 

Our previous peer-reviewed publications and research reports can be found here


Peer-Reviewed Publications


Power R, Wiley K, Muhit M, Heanoy E, Karim T, Badawi N, Khandaker G. ‘Flower of the body’: menstrual experiences and needs of young adolescent women with cerebral palsy in Bangladesh, and their mothers providing menstrual support. BMC Women's Health. 2020 Dec;20(1):1-9.


Jahan I, Al Imam MH, Karim T, Muhit M, Hardianto D, Das MC, Smithers‐Sheedy H, Badawi N, Khandaker G. Epidemiology of cerebral palsy in Sumba Island, Indonesia. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology. 2020 Jul 20.


Power R, Galea C, Muhit M, Heanoy E, Karim T, Badawi N, Khandaker G. What predicts the proxy-reported health-related quality of life of adolescents with cerebral palsy in Bangladesh?. BMC Public Health. 2020 Dec 1;20(1):18.


Manlongat E, Mcintyre S, Smithers‐Sheedy H, Trivedi A, Muhit M, Badawi N, Khandaker G. Congenital anomalies in children with cerebral palsy in rural Bangladesh. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology. 2020 Jan 6.


Power R, Muhit M, Heanoy E, Karim T, Galea C, Badawi N, Khandaker G. Depression, anxiety and stress among caregivers of adolescents with cerebral palsy in rural Bangladesh. Disability and Rehabilitation. 2019 Dec 3:1-8.

Jahan I, Karim T, Al Imam MH, Das MC, Ali KM, Muhit M, Khandaker G. Childhood Disability and Nutrition: Findings from a Population-Based Case Control Study in Rural Bangladesh. Nutrients. 2019 Nov;11(11):2728.

Karim T, Al Imam MH, Golland P, Khan AI, Hossain I, Smithers-Sheedy H, Badawi N, Muhit M, Khandaker G. Hip dysplasia among children with spastic cerebral palsy in rural Bangladesh. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2019 Oct 27;20(1):494.

Karim T, Jahan I, Dossetor R, Giang NTH, Van Anh NT, Dung TQ, Chau CM, Van Bang N, Badawi N, Khandaker G, Elliott E. Nutritional Status of Children with Cerebral Palsy-Findings from Prospective Hospital-Based Surveillance in Vietnam Indicate a Need for Action. Nutrients. 2019 Sep 6;11(9). pii: E2132.

Jahan I, Muhit M, Hardianto D, Karim T, Imam MHA, Das MC, Smithers-Sheedy H, Badawi N and Khandaker G. Nutritional status of children with cerebral palsy in remote Sumba Island of Indonesia: a community-based key informants study. Disability and Rehabilitation 2019,

Power R, Akhter R, Muhit M, Wadud S, Heanoy E, Karim T, Badawi N, Khandaker G. A quality of life questionnaire for adolescents with cerebral palsy: psychometric properties of the Bengali CPQoL-teens. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2019 Aug 2;17(1):135.

Power R, Muhit M, Heanoy E, Karim T, Badawi N, Akhter R, Khandaker G. Health-related quality of life and mental health of adolescents with cerebral palsy in rural Bangladesh. PLoS One. 2019 Jun 11;14(6):e0217675

Jahan I, Karim T, Das MC, Muhit M, Mcintyre S, Smithers-Sheedy H, Badawi N, Khandaker G. Mortality in children with cerebral palsy in rural Bangladesh: a population-based surveillance study. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2019 May 12. doi: 10.1111/dmcn.14256.

Akhter R, Hassan NMM, Martin EF, Muhit M, Smithers-Sheedy H, Badawi N, Khandaker G. Caries experience and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of children and adolescents with cerebral palsy in a low-resource setting. BMC Oral Health. 2019 Jan. 

Power R, Akhter R, Muhit M, Wadud S, Heanoy E, Karim T, Badawi N, Khandaker G. Cross-cultural validation of the Bengali version KIDSCREEN-27 quality of life questionnaire. BMC Pediatr. 2019 Jan.



Karim T, Scherzer A, Muhit M, Badawi N, Khandaker G. Use of a Developmental Milestone Chart (DMC) in Rural Bangladesh to Educate Health Workers and Stimulate Referral for Early Diagnosis and Intervention. J Trop Pediatr. 2018 Dec. 

Khandaker G, Muhit M, Karim T, Smithers-Sheedy H, Novak I, Jones C, Badawi N. Epidemiology of cerebral palsy in Bangladesh: a population-based surveillance study. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2018 Nov.

Chan J, Wu Y, Wood J, Muhit M, Mahmood MK, Karim T, Moushumi F, Jones CA, Snelling T, Khandaker G. Burden of Congenital Rubella Syndrome (CRS) in Bangladesh: Systematic review of existing literature and transmission modelling of sero-prevalence studies. Infect Disord Drug Targets. 2018 Oct.

May P, Smithers-Sheedy H, Muhit M, Cumming R, Jones C, Booy R, Badawi N, Khandaker G. Immunisation status of children with cerebral palsy in rural Bangladesh: results from the Bangladesh Cerebral Palsy Register (BCPR). Infect Disord Drug Targets. 2018 Oct.

Khan A, Ashher F, Karim T, Fatema A, Jahan I, Muhit M, Dey A, Beard F, Khandaker G. Immunization status of mothers of children with cerebral palsy in rural Bangladesh. Infect Disord Drug Targets. 2018 Oct.

Jahan I, Muhit M, Karim T, Smithers-Sheedy H, Novak I, Jones C, Badawi N, Khandaker G. What makes children with cerebral palsy vulnerable to malnutrition? Findings from the Bangladesh cerebral palsy register (BCPR). Disability and rehabilitation. 2018 Apr 13:1-8.

Power R, King C, Muhit M, Heanoy E, Galea C, Jones C, Badawi N, Khandaker G. Health‐related quality of life of children and adolescents with cerebral palsy in low‐and middle‐income countries: a systematic review. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology. 2018 May;60(5):469-79.

Muhit M, Karim T, Islam J, Hardianto D, Muhiddin HS, Purwanta SA, Suhardjo S, Widyandana D, Khandaker G. The epidemiology of childhood blindness and severe visual impairment in Indonesia. British Journal of Ophthalmology. 2018 Feb 6


Khandaker G, Van Bang N, Dũng TQ, Giang NT, Chau CM, Van Anh NT, Van Thuong N, Badawi N, Elliott EJ. Protocol for hospital based-surveillance of cerebral palsy (CP) in Hanoi using the Paediatric Active Enhanced Disease Surveillance mechanism (PAEDS-Vietnam): a study towards developing hospital-based disease surveillance in Vietnam. BMJ open. 2017 Nov 1;7(11):e017742.

Akhter R, Hassan NM, Martin EF, Muhit M, Haque MR, Smithers‐Sheedy H, Jones C, Badawi N, Khandaker G. Risk factors for dental caries among children with cerebral palsy in a low‐resource setting. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology. 2017 May 1;59(5):538-43.

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Muhit M, Minto H, Parvin A, Jadoon MZ, Islam J, Yasmin S, Khandaker G. Prevalence of refractive error, presbyopia, and unmet need of spectacle coverage in a northern district of Bangladesh: Rapid Assessment of Refractive Error study. Ophthalmic epidemiology. 2018 Mar 4;25(2):126-32.

Cashman P, Macartney K, Khandaker G, King C, Gold M, Durrheim DN. Participant-centred active surveillance of adverse events following immunisation: a narrative review. International health. 2017 May 1;9(3):164-76.

Karim T, Muhit M, Khandaker G. Interventions to prevent respiratory diseases-Nutrition and the developing world. Paediatric respiratory reviews. 2017 Mar 1;22:31-7.


Chow MY, Khandaker G, McIntyre P. Global childhood deaths from pertussis: a historical review. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2016 Nov 2;63(suppl_4):S134-41.

Mitry D, Williams C, Northstone K, Akter A, Jewel J, Khan N, Muhit M, Gilbert CE, Bowman R. Perceptual visual dysfunction, physical impairment and quality of life in Bangladeshi children with cerebral palsy. British Journal of Ophthalmology. 2016 Jan 4. 100(9):1245-50

Muhit M, Wadud Z, Islam J, Khair Z, Shamanna BR, Jung J, Khandaker G. Generating evidence for program planning: rapid assessment of avoidable blindness in Bangladesh. Ophthalmic epidemiology. 2016 May 3;23(3):176-84.


Khandaker G, Smithers-Sheedy H, Islam J, Alam M, Jung J, Novak I, Booy R, Jones C, Badawi N, Muhit M. Bangladesh Cerebral Palsy Register (BCPR): a pilot study to develop a national cerebral palsy (CP) register with surveillance of children for CP. BMC neurology. 2015 Dec;15(1):173.

Finger RP, Sivasubramaniam S, Morjaria P, Bansal A, Muhit M, Kinra S, Gilbert CE. Migration study of lens opacities in Bangladeshi adults in London and Bangladesh: a pilot study. British Journal of Ophthalmology. 2015 Jun 1;99(6):762-7.

Negretti GS, Ayoub T, Ahmed S, Deb R, Majumder U, Jewel J, Muhit M, Gilbert CE, Bowman RJ. Cataract surgery outcomes in Bangladeshi children. Ophthalmology. 2015 May 1;122(5):882-7.


Murthy GV, Mactaggart I, Mohammad M, Islam J, Noe C, Khan AI, Foster A. Assessing the prevalence of sensory and motor impairments in childhood in Bangladesh using key informants. Archives of disease in childhood. 2014 Dec 1;99(12):1103-8.

Khandaker G, Muhit M, Rashid H, Khan A, Islam J, Jones C, Booy R. Infectious causes of childhood disability: results from a pilot study in rural Bangladesh. Journal of tropical pediatrics. 2014 Jun 13;60(5):363-9.


Bedford J, Mackey S, Parvin A, Muhit M, Murthy GV. Reasons for non-uptake of referral: children with disabilities identified through the Key Informant Method in Bangladesh. Disability and rehabilitation. 2013 Dec 1;35(25):2164-70.


Nesbitt RC, Mackey S, Kuper H, Muhit M, Murthy GV. Predictors of referral uptake in children with disabilities in Bangladesh–exploring barriers as a first step to improving referral provision. Disability and rehabilitation. 2012 Jun 1;34(13):1089-95.

Mackey S, Murthy GV, Muhit MA, Islam JJ, Foster A. Validation of the key informant method to identify children with disabilities: methods and results from a pilot study in Bangladesh. Journal of tropical pediatrics. 2011 Nov 12;58(4):269-74.


Muhit MA, Shahjahan M, Hassan A, Wazed A, Ahmed N. Parental knowledge, attitude and practice related to blindness of children in some selected Upazilla of Bangladesh. Mymensingh medical journal: MMJ. 2011 Oct;20(4):671-9.


Lindfield R, Polack S, Wadud Z, Choudhury KA, Rashid AK, Kuper H. Causes of poor outcome after cataract surgery in Satkhira district, Bangladesh. Eye. 2008 Aug;22(8):1054.

Polack S, Kuper H, Wadud Z, Fletcher A, Foster A. Quality of life and visual impairment from cataract in Satkhira district, Bangladesh. British Journal of Ophthalmology. 2008 Aug 1;92(8):1026-30.


Muhit MA, Shah SP, Gilbert CE, Foster A. Causes of severe visual impairment and blindness in Bangladesh: a study of 1935 children. British journal of ophthalmology. 2007 Aug 1;91(8):1000-4. 

Muhit MA, Shah SP, Gilbert CE, Hartley SD, Foster A. The key informant method: a novel means of ascertaining blind children in Bangladesh. British journal of ophthalmology. 2007 Aug 1;91(8):995-9.

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